Wyoming Background Checks & Public Records

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The State of Wyoming

Wyoming, also referred to as the Equality State, is situated in the Mountain West subregion of the United States. Its nickname is rooted from its early advancement and strong support for women’s rights. In fact, they are the first state in the US to allow women to vote and to elect a female governor. 

The State of Wyoming may be the 10th largest state by area but it’s the least populated one. Its economy greatly depends on mining and agriculture. Aesthetics and tourism-wise, Wyoming is well-known for its breath-taking landscapes offering seemingly limitless outdoor adventures – from canoeing to off-roading to cross-country skiing to dog sledding. And though densely populated, it’s bordered by 6 states – Montana, South Dakota, Nebraska, Idaho, Utah, and Colorado. Hence, when acquiring public records or conducting Wyoming background checks, be sure to look into its neighboring states as well.

Counties in Wyoming 

Big HornFremontLincolnSheridanUinta
CarbonHot SpringsNiobraraSweetwaterWeston

Wyoming Public Records Laws

Like in most states, Wyoming has its own versions of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The Wyoming Public Meeting Law and Wyoming Sunshine Law, for instance, have been designed to regulate public records search and/or access. Both comprise a series of laws that identify which records are considered public and which aren’t supposed to be disclosed.

Unlike in most states though, there’s no exquisite and in-depth Wyoming criminal background check and public records search free access guidelines. While it’s specifically indicated that anyone – even non-residents – can request copies, the state’s open records law does not include details about custodians, timeframes, appeals, and ways of enforcing the approval of such requests. 

While Wyoming has not assigned a centralized records custodian, their state laws apply to all government agencies and government branches –  the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches.

Some records can be acquired by personally visiting the respective agency in charge of the records. While most local offices offer public records to be sent via mail or email, other reports are available online or over the phone. For lesser chances of getting denied, be sure to provide the necessary details in your request, including complete/legal name, phone number, email address, home/work address, name of the person whose records you’re looking for, any specific time you might badly need the said records, means of delivery, payment schemes you’ll be availing of, and more.

For the fees, requesters are only asked to pay for the actual cost of the materials used – no labor fees or service charges are required to be settled. Note, however, that some counties would ask for additional payment, especially if the records will be used for commercial purposes. 

Accessing and Acquiring Public Records in Wyoming 

Unlike in most states, it could get quite challenging to gain public records access, initiate court case lookup, or request background checks in Wyoming. This is mainly because there are no definite rules and guidelines in place to regulate all these. Plus, since there’s no central repository of public records, you have to reach out to various departments if you’ll be needing different records. 

Vital Records

Vital records, for instance, are managed by the Department of Public Health. They maintain all records relating to birth, death, marriage, divorce, and adoption. Note, however, that though listed as part of public records, vital records are only disclosed to certain people who are verified to be a directly involved party or at least an immediate family. Plus, more than 50 years old death records are no longer handled by the DOH, these are kept in the State Archives.

Court Records

If you’re specifically looking for court records, it’s best to start searching from the Wyoming Judicial Branch. They manage all court case files – from documentation of initial arrests to civil court filings. Reports typically include case files, court minutes, transcripts, court orders, witness and judgment documentation, jury records and files, depositions, and dockets.

Criminal Records

For criminal records, the Division of Criminal Investigation under the office of the Attorney General handles these. They are also in charge of criminal background searches in the state. These records entail arrests, convictions, and incarcerations – dismissed or prosecuted.

The Department of Corrections manages an offender locator page online which anyone can use to search inmates’ information for free. Such reports typically include personal information, mug shots, inmate location and jail transfer details, inmate registration numbers, and custody status. 

Property Records

Property records are also considered public records in Wyoming. For land, property tax, and deed records, you may reach out to the Office of State Lands and Investments, Bureau of Land Management, State Archives, municipal assessors, county treasurers, or local property listers.

Wyoming Background Check Reports

The Wyoming Sunshine Law also states that any standard or criminal background check in Wyoming is open to the general public, including those who are not permanent or legal residents of the state. The Division of Criminal Investigation under the office of the Attorney General is the agency assigned in handling background screening and generating background check reports.

The initial step on how to do a background check is to capture a complete set of fingerprints. The Wyoming Division of Criminal Investigation and any local Wyoming law enforcement agency provide such fingerprinting services for only $5. After obtaining the fingerprint card, submit it together with the required fee to start the check – $15 for a state-only Wyoming background check and $24 for an FBI nationwide background search.

Like in most states, Wisconsin background checks are regulated by federal laws including the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). As of this writing though, Wyoming is not a ban-the-box state. There are also no specific similar laws preventing employers from inquiring about an applicant’s criminal history.

Wyoming Official Websites

Frequently Asked Questions About Wyoming Background Checks

How Far Does A Background Check Go In Wyoming?

Like most states, Wyoming follows the 7-year rule for background checks. Felony convictions however, can be reported as far back as the requester chooses to go. Employers, for instance, typically go back as far as 10 years.

Does Wyoming Require Background Checks?

Wyoming isn’t one of the fourteen states that have mandatory background checks. Nevertheless, certain individuals or organizations could request such, including employers, property owners, non-government offices, and more.

How Do I Get My Criminal Record In Wyoming?

You’ll first need to obtain your fingerprint card from official partners. You can then submit this together with the details of the person to be checked and the required fee to the Division of Criminal Investigation. 

Are Criminal Records Public In Wyoming?

Yes, criminal records are considered public records in Wyoming. These are handled by the office of the Attorney General Division of Criminal Investigation. Criminal records that the general public can obtain typically include details of any dismissed or prosecuted case – from arrests to convictions to incarcerations.

Are Wyoming Court Records Online?

As of this writing, there’s no online tool available that caters to court orders searches. Should you, however, need to initiate appellant case searches, you may do so at the Clerk’s Office of the Wyoming Supreme Court.